Permitted Industries includes all other industries that are not excluded activities under Section 41 (1) of the SEZ Act. For example:
Food processing involves the transformation of agricultural produce into a different physical or chemical state. It encompasses technical and mechanical processes that range from packaging to the transformation of raw material into final products. A key characteristic of agro-processing is its strong up- and downstream linkages. Upstream, the sector links to primary agriculture across a variety of farming models and products. Downstream, agroprocessing outputs are both intermediate products to which further value is added and final goods that are marketed through wholesale and retail chains as well as through a diverse array of restaurants, bars, hotels and fast-food franchises, making it critical for employment creation and poverty alleviation. NB Agricultural raw material and intermediary do not necessarily have to be sourced locally and can be imported.
Logistics is the management of the flow of things between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet requirements of customers or corporations. The resources managed in logistics can include physical items such as food, materials, animals, equipment, and liquids; as well as abstract items, such as time and information. The logistics of physical items usually involves the integration of information flow, material handling, production, packaging, inventory, transportation, warehousing, and often security.
The pharmaceutical industry discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as medications. Pharmaceutical companies may be involved in the manufacture of active pharmaceutical ingredients and/or deal in generic or branded medications and nutraceuticals final products.
Agriculture, known also as husbandry or farming, is the science of cultivating plants, animals, and other life forms for food, fiber, and fuel. The agricultural industry, which includes enterprises engaged in growing crops, raising fish and animals, and logging wood, encompasses farms, dairies, hatcheries, and ranches.
The medical equipment and device manufacturing industry (often referred to as the MedTech or medical devices industry) designs and manufactures a wide range of medical products that diagnose, monitor, and treat diseases and conditions that affect humans. These products range from inexpensive tools, such as tongue depressors, to complex, multimillion dollar systems, such as magnetic resonance imaging systems. Other examples include pacemakers, stethoscopes, replacement joints, hip implants, miniature robots that perform complex surgeries, synthetic skin, artificial hearts, scalpels, medical laboratory diagnostic instruments and test kits, patient management software, and software that is used as a component in a medical device.
The automotive aftermarket is the secondary market of the automotive industry, concerned with the manufacturing, remanufacturing, distribution, retailing, and installation of all vehicle parts, chemicals, equipment, and accessories, after the sale of the automobile by the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) to the consumer.
Products include electrical motors, commercial and industrial lighting fixtures, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems and components and, among others, electrical power equipment.
BPO is a subset of outsourcing that involves the contracting of the operations and responsibilities of a specific business process to a third-party service provider. Originally, this was associated with manufacturing firms, such as Coca-Cola that outsourced large segments of its supply chain. BPO is typically categorized into back office outsourcing, which includes internal business functions such as human resources or finance and accounting, and front office outsourcing, which includes customer-related services such as contact centre services.
Home appliances are electrical/mechanical machines, which accomplish some household functions, such as cooling/heating, cooking or cleaning. Home appliances can be classified into:
Aluminium is the essential element for products in the following sectors: – Aerospace – Aluminium Cans – Automotive – Building & Construction – Electrical – Electronics & Appliances – Foil & Packaging – Other Markets – As aluminium enters into its second century of widespread use, new scientific and production technologies continue to expand its market potential. Solar panel nanotechnology, transparent aluminium alloys and aluminium-air batteries will help lead the way toward the development of new and innovative markets this century.
Some of which are excluded from SEZ incentives, but may operate from within Zones as Zone Users